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In most hot weather situations, your body is able to cool itself.
If you’re taking in enough fluids and avoiding too much hot sun, your body is able to maintain its internal temperature — even when you feel hot and sweaty.
When you’re outdoors in the blazing sun for too long, or stuck indoors where there’s no air conditioning, and begin to get dehydrated, that’s when the body’s internal processes stop working as well.
People can experience heat-related illness:
Heat exhaustion and heat stroke are two levels of illness you can experience when your body loses its ability to maintain its internal temperature.
Heatstroke and heat exhaustion have a few symptoms in common:
With heat exhaustion, a person may also feel:
If you experience these symptoms, go to a cool place and loosen or remove heavy clothing. Take a cool bath or put cool, wet cloths on your skin. Sip cool water. If you’re still feeling ill after an hour with that treatment, get medical help.
Heat stroke is what happens when heat exhaustion is left untreated. Heat stroke has some additional, more troubling symptoms, including:
When someone experiences heat stroke, it’s a medical emergency. Call 911 immediately.
Do whatever you can to cool the person down. Try cool, wet cloths; misting with water or a garden hose or a cool bath. Provide cool (not ice cold) water to drink.
Keep these heat-illness prevention tips in mind this summer:
Edward-Elmhurst Health Emergency Departments (EDs) located in Elmhurst and Naperville, and a freestanding emergency center in Plainfield, combine modern technology with comfort and care.
When your medical needs can’t wait, Edward-Elmhurst Health Walk-in Clinics and Immediate Care Centers have board-certified providers ready to treat your non-emergency urgencies.
How to deal with heat and humidity during outdoor workouts
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